What is an Arabian Horse?

Arabian Horse Trotting in a Field

The Arabian horse is a very versatile breed. They are used throughout many different equestrian fields, including racing, western, saddle seat, hunt seat, dressage, cutting, reining, show jumping, eventing, trail/pleasure riding, and endurance riding. The Arabian horse today dominates the sport of endurance riding because of their renown stamina. Because of their refined and elegant beauty, the Arabian horse is one of the world’s most popular breeds. Because of their beauty, the Arabian horse has also made many TV and movie appearances including “The Black Stallion”, “Hidalgo”, and “Ben-Hur”.    


Arabians are one of the oldest horse breeds to be human developed and bred.The Arabian horse is descended from a subtype of horse called the proto-Arabian, this horse had similar oriental characteristics still seen in today’s modern Arabian horse. It is thought the first domesticated Arabian horses were depicted in the Arabian Peninsula around 1800-2000 BCE. Regardless of when the Arabian horse was first developed they were bred to endure the harsh desert climate. They were also bred for speed, soundness, endurance, stamina, and intelligence. The Arabian horse was highly prized and the bloodlines were kept pure. The Arabian horse has influenced many other horse breeds including the Thoroughbred, Orlov Trotter, Morgan, American Saddlebred, American Quarter Horse, and Warmbloods. 


Today Arabian horses typically stand between 14.1 to 15.1 hands. The Arabian horse has good bone density which make them a light breed with the strength of a larger horse. They have a refined head with a distinct dished profile. Many Arabians will have a slight bulge on their forehead between their eyes. This is indicative of a larger sinus capacity that is believed to help the horse in the desert climate. They typically have a long and level croup, with a naturally high tail carriage. Most Arabians typically have a short back with a compact body. The Arabian horse comes in a variety of colors which include grey, white, sabino, rabicano, roan, chestnut, black, and bay.  The Arabian horse typically has a very good temperament. Today, it is one of the few breeds that the USEF (United States Equestrian Federation) that allows children to exhibit stallions. They are considered a “hot” blooded breed due to their spirit and speed. They are also very intelligent which makes them fast learners, but also means they can learn bad habits as quickly as good habits. So if you are looking for a compact, strong, refined, intelligent, spirited horse with tons of endurance you have found the perfect match in the Arabian horse. 


Arabian Endurnace SaddleFor those owners who already own this wonderful breed you know that finding a correct fitting saddle can be a challenge. Consider an Arabian saddle that is designed with your horse breed characteristics in mind. For additional information check out SaddleOnline’s line of Arabian saddles.